Full Project – The effects of trade unionism in influencing workers performance

Full Project – The effects of trade unionism in influencing workers performance

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Nigeria Breweries Limited was incorporated on 16th of November, 1946. In accordance with companies and allied matters act of 1990, the name was changed to Nigerian Breweries PLC. The company recorded a landmark in June 1949 when the bottle of star rolled out of the bottling lines in its Lagos Brewery. Presently the company has five Breweries

  1. Lagos Brewery established in 1946
  2. Aba Brewery established in 1957
  3. Kaduna Brewery established in 1983
  4. Ibadan Brewery established in 1982
  5. Enugu Brewery established in 1993



This subject matter of the effect of trade unionism and employers on workers performance in Nigeria is of interest to both governments and employers alike. The world over trade unionism which is the activities of an association of workers in a work place have been accepted and recognized as a necessary action. The action of trade union goes a long way in determining workers performance in an organization if workers are positively rewarded; the tendency is those who have the ability will perform creditably. Interestingly, a number of factors accounted for the rise of nationalism and t eh colonial master were a significant leverage for trade unionism. Another influence was the establishment of several branches among companies, which encourage the system of plant level unionism. For instance, the Nigerian Breweries PLC has branches at Lagos and Enugu making it possible for trade unionism to flourish. These problems negatively affected the performance of employees.

Aside from employee motivation and number of other factors, effective and positive workers performance in organization depends to a considerable extent on the incentive given to employees.


There has been a growing tension between the organizational management and trade union on the best approach by which workers performance in an organization would be achieved often agreements reached between management and unions have been breached leading to conflict in the workers performance in an organization. When the representatives of management and labour union meet to bargain, they discuss a variety of matters on which workers and management find it difficult to agree.

The following are some of the major issues:

  1. WAGES: Usually the topic most discussed is bargaining telic in wages. And if there is anything likely to lead to dispute between the union and the management. It is wages. Naturally, the management wants to keep production cost as the highest possible wages for its members.
  2. HOURS OF WORK: one of the first demands of union is reduction in the hours of work. Today a 40-hour work week is one of the labour goals. The argument for shorter work week is that it provides employment for more workers.
  3. FRINGE BENEFIT: In recent years fringe benefits have been almost at big issues in collective bargaining as wages. Workers want gratuities pensions group of life and health insurance and unemployment benefits etc. Like wages they say are cost of production yet in general management is not opposed to providing fringe benefits. In bargaining over wages management argues that workers forget to include their fringe benefits in counting their wages.
  4. SENIORITY: Another point of difference between the labour and the management is seniority rights. The union wants seniority to determine the order of layoffs and promotions.
  5. THE UNION SHOP: a major source of conflict between trade union and management is the labour demand for a union shop. The reason why organized labour wants a union shop is because in business the benefits of collective bargaining usually management is opposed to a union shop limits management freedom in employing workers. Also a union shop strengthens the relationship between trade unionism and the management actions as it occur in Nigerian Breweries PLC and the company’s performance.



  1. To find out the impact of trade unionism on workers performance.
  2. To evaluate the role of trade union in promoting industrial harmony.
  3. To determine ways of improving trade unionism in
  4. To identify ways of improving the relationship between        management and union.


  1. What is the effect of trade unionism on workers performance?
  2. What is the role of trade unionism in promoting Industrial Harmony?
  3. In what ways can trade unionism be improved in Nigeria
  4. What should be done to improve the relationship between management and union?



Organizations in the contemporary dispensation are aware that in order to ensure high workers performance, workers have to be comfortable. The comfort of workers lies on the terms and conditions of work, it is only when management and trade union come together that the terms and conditions of work are negotiated. Against this background of the study will be of immense value to the trade unions and organizations as well as workers as a whole.

Through this study organizations will be able to know those factors that encourage cordial relationship between management and trade union. The identification of those factors will help an organization to maintain peace and harmony in the work place and bring about high performance. From this organization will be able to know and address the issue between management and union and how to reach a compromise to achieve the organization objectives.

For the workers, it will help them to know their rights and also to know how to make their demands to avoid Industrial conflict. For the government, the unionism, the growth of knowledge will improve in terms of trade unionism. It will also help government to know how and when to mediate into management and union crisis. For the society at large peaceful work environment promote and also improve workers performance. This will lead to the development and growth of the society at large.



This study focus on trade unionism on workers performance in Nigeria Breweries PLC located at Enugu state.

Although at Enugu branch, because of the nonchalant attitude of some respondents in supplying necessary information required for the study apparently due to ignorance on the purpose of the study, despite the explanations given to them., made the study a little difficult.



The study is limited by time factor makes it possible for one to move about in order to interact with some notable union leaders. Also finance is another limitation because of each squeeze, financing of tripe to conduct interviews and administer questionnaire was not easy.

Trips were therefore restricted to areas where one could afford to visit.

Information limitation is another limitation. The move to collect the necessary information for this work was the easy one. The reluctance of organization is discharging information about their internal operations was a difficult task in the course of this project work. It was a problem getting the published materials on this topic and this involved going from one library to another which was not easy.

The primary information gotten through face to face interviews and questionnaires administered to the workers in Nigerian Breweries PLC Enugu, however this was obtained with much persuasion as the staffs saw it as revealing the secret of the organization. The limitations not withstanding, the research was able to carry out a somewhat detailed and comprehensive research work on the subject.



For the purpose of this study,   the under listed terms have been explained to enable the reader to understand the project with ease.

COLLECTION BARGAINING: This is negotiation between employers, workers and trade union for  the purpose of discussion and making agreement on wages rates, working hours, conditions of work and other relevant material.

PERFORMANCE: This is the ability of organization coupled with skills to carry out an assigned duty at the stipulated time in order to attain organizational objectives and goals.

TRADE UNIONS: This is the system on principle of collective bargaining though trade unions.

ORGANIZATION: This is a unit with certain resources and means having specific goals and objectives to achieve.

PRODUCTIVE: This can be defined as the act of being productive which is being able to produce. It can also be seen as a measurement of the efficiency of producing a ratio of output to input.

WORKERS: According to Professor Agwu Kpala, a worker is defined as any person(s) who works for a fixed compensation. In business enterprise or government or institution but subordinate to the owners profit or in the case of government as employees for increase on the wealth or well being of the community.

INCENTIVE: According to dictionary of management incentives is something that urges a person(s) to achieve some goals especially something external to the person(s) who is urged.



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Full Project – The effects of trade unionism in influencing workers performance