Full Project – The effect of human resource planning on organizational performance

Full Project – The effect of human resource planning on organizational performance

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1.1       Background of the Study

The history of planning is old as man himself planning had started from the ancient era during the primitive period when there were no industries or firms. Planning is a basic function of management thus therefore means that planning pervades all the functional area of management which includes personnel, production, research and development, marketing and finance.


Through planning organization goals and objective are determined; the resources available must be strategies to achieve the goals and objectives. Planning provide answers to what, how, when, and their relationship to organization activities.


In personnel management function, human resources panel is a basic function. Human resources planning is sometime referred to as workforce planning, which is defined as the process of the right number of qualified people into the right job at the right time. To ensure adequate workforce in the organization, management must plan properly, proper planning in this respect involves accurate projection of the future, taking inventory of existing workforce, comparing the force with the existing one and take corrective measure.


Productivity means rate of output, degree of result and success which is directly related to profitability and turnover. This research study concentrates on the possible impact of human resources planning on workers’ productivity.


The human resources mean the human that are in the organization. Without them there cannot be production. So there is need for the organization to plan well for its human resource. Proper planning enhances the productivity of an organization. How?

  1. Planning helps to resolve problem of shortage of staff in organization
  2. It also helps in determining and planning whatever capital, material, equipment and personnel required in an organization in order to achieve organization objectives
  • Human resource planning defining the duties and responsibilities of the personnel employed and determining the manner in which their activities are to be interrelated
  1. Human resource use planning to assess external forces to help the firm deal with environmental uncertainty by mobilizing scare or limited resources to neutralize potential threats.
  2. Planning make control possible, which is, comparing actual outcome with performance standards and taking corrective action if variance exists
  3. Human resource planning management development by helping managers to take proactive role in moving the organization toward a future desired state.


Lastly, human resource planning function include staffing, that is acquiring qualified and appropriate number of workers for an organization, to determining and acquiring other resources and proper allocation of these resources. In addition, co-ordination of activities of all members and parts of an organization is another major purpose of human resource planning in order to boost production.



One of the most serious problems facing Federal Polytechnic Consult unit, Bida is the acute shortage of qualified resources. The problem of inadequate skilled manpower in Nigerian public sector could be traced to a number of factors which include the colonial administrative policies which gave the local population more opportunity to develop. Some of the problem faced by the human resources planners is as follows:

  1. Management of fund, funds kept for the proper planning management of the organization is always converted to their private pocket by the top management.
  2. As a result of lack of motivation, money of our expertise in Nigeria has gone to a board where they will be paid and live in a comfortable house with all kinds of fringe benefits.
  3. The rate of labour turnover is increasing because of lack of facilities in our higher institutions, irrelevance of the educational curriculum to the need of the economic.


This study is of the view that human resources is very important factor in the production, management and government as a whole. Human resources will not be of any value if it is not productive. Therefore, to identify factor which hamper the effective and efficient operation of Federal Polytechnic Consult unit, Bida the management of the institution must strategize using the all resources available in their care to make sure that their objective is achieved at the long run. In order to guide the study, the following objectives are put forward:

  1. To determine how employees are being compensated as well as the fringe benefit received
  2. To ascertain whether the service rendering to students and others are of optimum quality.
  3. To find out the actual problem affecting the management of the Polytechnic Consult unit.
  4. To find out the level of the labour turnover and how it affect the efficiency and effectiveness of the institution.
  5. To see how human resources planning has change the level of productivity in the polytechnic Consult unit.



  1. What is the nature of human resources in organization?
  2. Is human resource planning relevant to organizational efficiency and effectiveness?
  3. Is there any relationship between productivity and organization human resource in federal Polytechnic Consult unit?
  4. What are the criteria and conditions for impact of human resources organization?
  5. In what ways does the problem observed can be tackled?


This study is necessitated by the urge and the need for the research, readers and organizations in general to understand the advantages of implementation of human resources on efficiency and effectiveness stem that will serve as tool for achieving higher organization productivity. The following are the significance of study to the researcher:

  1. To serve as guide to corporate individuals, organization and students alike in furtherance to their research on the subject matter
  2. To help government in the determination of how productive is both public and private sector of the economy
  3. To serve as a reference materials for students who will wish to conduct similar studies on this topic.



The study is restricted to the effect of human resource in efficiency, effectiveness and productivity in Federal Polytechnic Consult unit, Bida as source of data and it will cover period from 2012 to 2017.

The following are the constraints the researcher face during the cause of study as; finance, time limit, lack of trust and inadequate researchable reading materials.


  1. Effect: this is a change which is a result or consequence of an action other cause.


  1. Planning: process of setting goals, developing strategies and outlining tasks and schedules to accomplish the goal.


3.Human Resource: those are the people who make up the workforce of an organization, business sector or economy.


4.Organization: this is a social unit of people that is structured and managed to meet a need or to pursue collective goals.


5.Performance: this is the accomplishment of a given task measured against preset known standards of accuracy, completeness, cost and speed.


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Full Project – The effect of human resource planning on organizational performance